Es ist, meiner Wahrnehmung nach, ruhiger geworden in der Diskussion um die „Neue-Paulus-Perspektive“. Wrights magnum opus ist vor einiger Zeit bereits erschienen, wurde diskutiert (z.B. hier) und sehr unterschiedlich aufgenommen.
Auch wenn ich nicht zu den Befürwortern dieser „neuen“ Sicht über Paulus gehöre, möchte ich dennoch auf einen Artikel vom Logos-Blog hierzu verweisen.
In diesem Artikel geht es darum, was neu an der „Neuen-Paulus-Perspektive“ ist:
1. Eine neue Sicht über das Judentum
The major point in [Martin Luther’s] interpretation of Paul concerns Paul’s phrase ‘not by works of the law.’ In this view, when Paul says that justification is not by ‘works of the law,’ he is attacking works righteousness; he is attacking the view that he perceives in Judaism that you earn right standing before God by obeying the ot law with all its detail, [thus] establishing your own righteousness. And Paul is rejecting all of that in favor of the grace that’s given to us in the Lord Jesus Christ. […] [The NPP has] not just been a scholarly discussion, it’s also been a discussion about Christian ministry and the presentation of the gospel, because the New Perspective on Paul raises some key questions: If the Reformers were wrong about Paul, have we been presenting the gospel incorrectly when we’ve preached and taught it on the basis of trajectories of interpretations that stemmed from them? Or alternatively, if the Reformers were actually right, and it’s scholars in the New Perspective who are wrong about Paul, are these contemporary scholars actually in some way corrupting the gospel and leading us to preach and teach incorrectly?
And so we have a key question: Does the New Perspective on Paul lead to fresh and faithful expressions of the gospel or does it lead to false and faithless expressions of something that is less than the gospel?
2. Ein neuen Blick auf das Gesetz
James D.G. Dunn argued that the ‘works of the law’ are . . . in particular those aspects of the Jewish law that serve to mark the boundaries between Jews and Gentiles: . . . circumcision, the observance of the food laws, and the observance of Sabbath. . . . Paul is objecting to the insistence that it’s necessary to become Jewish in order to be righteous before God. When he writes these key texts, what he is objecting to is the attempt to impose Jewish law observance and the Jewish way of life on his Gentile converts. Paul is saying that these key markers of Jewish identity and key markers of the boundary between them and the Gentiles mustn’t be imposed on Gentile followers of Jesus as a precondition for those Gentiles to receive God’s grace in Christ.
3. Ein neues Rechtfertigungsverständnis
[…]n fact, NPP scholars argue that you can search through Paul’s writings all day and never find an instance where Paul explicitly states that Christ’s righteousness is transferred to the believer.[…]
Wright also emphasizes that there is both a present and future aspect of justification. God issues his verdict concerning the believer in the present on the basis of faith and faith alone. But he also will declare that verdict in the future, when God raises believers from the dead. As Wright explains in his book Justification, “The present verdict gives the assurance that the future verdict will match it, the Spirit gives the power through which that future verdict, when given, will be seen to be in accordance with the life that the believer has then lived.”
Here’s Chester summarizing Wright’s point in the above passage:
In other words, what justification does is . . . bring forward God’s final verdict; the believer is justified in the present on the basis of Christ’s saving work, is declared to be part of God’s people, and then as part of God’s people, through the empowering of the Holy Spirit, the believer will live a life more and more in accordance with the justification that’s being given, so that through the power of the Spirit, the future verdict comes to match the verdict in the present; the verdict that somebody is justified, that somebody is a member of God’s people and that, therefore, their sins are forgiven.